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【中央财经大学经济学院“龙马经济学双周学术论坛”】2019年春季学期第四讲:范子英

[发表时间]:2019-03-24 [浏览次数]:

 

讲座主题:Understanding Misreporting Responses to a Housing Transaction Tax Notch in China

主讲嘉宾:范子英(上海财经大学公共经济与管理学院教授)

讲座时间:2019325日(周一),上午930-1100

讲座地点:沙河校区一号楼201

嘉宾简介:范子英,上海财经大学公共经济与管理学院教授、博士生导师,中国公共财政研究院副院长。研究领域为公共财政和发展经济学,在《经济研究》、《管理世界》、《经济学(季刊)》、《世界经济》等期刊发表论文50余篇,2016年入选教育部长江学者奖励计划(青年学者)和上海市曙光学者计划。

内容摘要:In China, for second-handhousing transactions, a business tax is levied on reported housing transactionprices once prices are above a certain threshold. Under an environment withweak enforcement, reported prices could deviate from true prices in response tothe tax notch, creating an incentive for misreporting. We obtain from a largereal estate broker company a unique dataset that includes both true andreported prices of second-hand housing transactions in Shanghai, which allowsus to directly study the misreporting behavior. A simple tax evasion modelpredicts a novel three-segment misreporting pattern against true prices: nomisreporting for houses with true prices below the notch; reported prices equalthe notch value for true prices in a certain range above the notch;underreporting is largely constant for true prices well above the notch. Theempirical misreporting pattern is remarkably consistent with theoreticalpredictions. In addition, we explore how various factors may affect themisreporting pattern both theoretically and empirically. These factors includetax rate, housing loans, and a policy that imperfectly curbs evasion by settinga lower bound for misreporting. Potential alternative forms of the misreportingcost function are explicitly discussed and tested using data.